Some readers may be familiar with it. If not, I recommend a copy. My book, on the other hand, is not funny at all.
The number of boats in the fleet will generally be known more or less accurately and the hold capacity and amount of fish landed by the larger vessels can be estimated.
The ice requirements of smaller boats using insulated boxes can also be calculated in a similar manner. The figure obtained for the fleet will then need adjustment to allow for melt losses on board the boats, and variations in output due to variations in input water temperature and local ambient temperatures.
For example, a small ice plant rated for an output of 5 tonnes in a hour period under temperate conditions will not produce as much if operated at tropical ambient temperatures and humidity.
This is only one factor to be considered in ice plant efficiency; other factors such as refrigerant temperatures and the difference between condensing and evaporating temperatures also affect output capacity. When these factors combine, the efficiency and output of the plant can drop by more than 50 percent.
The details of ice plant design and operation are covered in more detail in other FAO publications dealing specifically with the subject of ice plants see Bibliography.
Estimating local, non-fishery shoreside ice consumption is perhaps a little more difficult. This will depend on the size of the community and its infrastructure, such as markets, shops, restaurants and bars.
However, with careful research in the community and surrounding areas it is possible to make some fairly accurate estimates for non-fishery consumption. It may be that sales from the ice plant will be restricted to fishery needs only, so that domestic demand does not need to be considered.
However, commercially run water ice business plan plants would not normally ignore commercial opportunities, and sales to domestic users may be made to subsidize them. In addition to calculating the maximum production and storage capacity of the ice-making plant, the seasonal variations in demand need to be considered.
There may be species that are abundant for only one or two months per year, placing high pressure on ice needs for a short period only. One way of addressing this problem is by the use of multiple or modular ice-making machines.
For normal operations, one machine is used to supply ice for normal demands. During peak periods, a second or third machine would be brought on line.
Installing multiple ice-making machines also provides a backup system in case of breakdown or servicing requirements of the operating units. An adequate supply of clean water. If water of adequate quality is not immediately available, then the costs of filtration and treatment will need to be taken into account when assessing the economic feasibility of the operation.
If ice is to be made from seawater rather than freshwater, the potential markets for the ice will be much more limited. Ice made from seawater will not be suitable for hotel, domestic or catering use, for instance.
A reliable source of power for the refrigeration equipment. In many situations this will be electrical power. Direct-drive diesel units have been produced, but these tend to be more expensive than purchasing power directly from a supplier.
Despite this, it may still be advisable where the local electricity supply is unreliable, to install a stand-by or emergency diesel electric generator set.
For installation in remote regions where electricity supply is either nonexistent or unreliable and constant hours of strong sunlight are normal, solarpowered absorption refrigeration systems may be suitable.
These systems are usually for production of block ice and a standard unit can produce kg of blocks in 24 hours.
Blocks weigh approximately 20 kg each. For larger production volumes, extra units are added as required. The exact location of the ice-making facility can often be crucial to the success and viability of the operation. The needs of the end users of the ice should be carefully considered in final site selection.
Installations are often built in locations that were considered best from an engineering standpoint, or because the site was cheap or land was deemed suitable by planners with little local knowledge of the site.
Many such sites, whilst they may be only a short distance from the central fish harbour, can go virtually unused by fishermen because it is not convenient for them or within their normal patterns of operation to visit the location.
End users must be consulted in site selection. Competent trained personnel will be needed to maintain and repair the plant, along with a reliable source of spare parts for the equipment installed. Even the best equipment available will break down eventually.
Where spares are not readily available, there is always a risk of considerable down time whilst waiting for simple spare parts.
In many countries spare parts have to be imported, signifying a requirement for foreign exchange, which may or may not be easily found. These are all matters to be considered when investment in ice-making machinery is being considered.
Either way, the economics of the investment must be sound so that potential investors are not exposed to unnecessary financial loss due to poor planning; otherwise it can be extremely difficult to finance plant costs without willing investors.
In some instances, ice plant purchase and installation costs are paid for by international technical assistance projects, and then donated to local organizations when the project ends.
Considerable numbers of these plants fail within short periods due to lack of sufficient funds for maintenance and repairs, and a lack of adequate training of local personnel, who are ultimately left to try and maintain the equipment. The root cause was probably an incomplete analysis of the requirements in the beginning, and the assumption that if an ice plant were available, even if poorly located, it would attract customers.
Initial cost-benefit and capacity analysis of the potential market is therefore extremely important, along with an assessment of the availability of parts and technical expertise on site for ongoing maintenance and repair.The Ice-Nine Plan.
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H2O Industries water purification business plan executive summary. H2O Industries is a provider of water purification products and services for health care and industrial facilities. A business model describes every aspect of a business.
Business models are useful because they force you to clearly define your goals, costs and expectations. While an Italian ice push-cart. A Shaved Ice Business Opportunity. Snowie does not sell a franchise, but rather, an optimal shaved ice business opportunity.
In a franchise, you will pay a franchise fee just to get into the business, you will buy and be limited by territory, and each year you will pay royalties back to the corporate entity.