Guide to Writing Introductions and Conclusions Guide to Writing Introductions and Conclusions First and last impressions are important in any part of life, especially in writing. This is why the introduction and conclusion of any paper - whether it be a simple essay or a long research paper - are essential.
Contemporary reviewers found much to praise in them. The author's knowledge of the world, and the peculiar tact with which she presents characters that the reader cannot fail to recognize, reminds us something of the merits of the Flemish school of painting.
The subjects are not often elegant, and certainly never grand; but they are finished to nature, and with a precision which delights the reader Her merits consist much in the force of a narrative conducted with much neatness and point, and a quiet yet comic dialogue, in which the characters of the speakers evolve themselves with dramatic effect.
The faults arise from the minute detail which the author's plan comprephends. Characters of folly or simplicity, such as those of old Woodhouse and Miss Bates, are ridiculous when first presented, but if too often brought forward or too long dwelt upon, their prosing is apt to become as tiresome in fiction as in real society.
George Henry Lewes, writing inaccorded her the status and identified issues that critics would be repeating and arguing about for the next century and a half: First and foremost let Austen be named, the greatest artist that has ever written, using the term to signify the most perfect mastery over the means to her end.
There are heights and depths in human nature Miss Austen has never scaled nor fathomed, there are worlds of passionate existence into which she has never set foot; but although this is obvious to every reader, it is equally obvious that she has risked no failures by attempting to delineate that which she has not seen.
Her circle may be restricted, but it is complete. Her world is a perfect orb, and vital. Life, as it presents itself to an English gentlewoman peacefully yet actively engaged in her quiet village, is mirrored in her works with a purity and fidelity that must endow them with interest for all time.
Appreciation of her greatness snowballed with the publication of James Edward Austen-Leigh's Memoir and Richard Simpson's perceptive critical essay, both in Macaulay, for instance, called her a prose Shakespeare because of "the marvellous and subtle distinctive traits" of her characterizations.
Austen's novels have aroused intense emotional attachments among readers. Forster admitted to reading and re-reading her with "the mouth open and the mind closed.
Such readers are often called Janeitesafter a short story called The Janeites which Rudyard Kipling wrote in Not every reader has responded positively to Austen, however.
Perplexed, Joseph Conrad wrote H. Wells asking, "What is all this about Jane Austen? What is there in her?
What is it all about? Anything like warmth or enthusiasm, anything energetic, poignant, heartfelt, is utterly out of place in commending these works: She does her business of delineating the surface of the lives of genteel English people curiously well. There is a Chinese fidelity, a miniature delicacy, in the painting.
She ruffles her reader by nothing vehement, disturbs him with nothing profound. The passions are perfectly unknown to her: What sees keenly, speaks aptly, moves flexibly, it suits her to study: Jane Austen was a complete and most sensible lady, but a very incomplete and rather insensible not senseless womanif this is heresy--I cannot help it.
Bronte's preference for passion over reason in fiction is not uncommon. Horace Walpole suggested a principle that explains the differing responses of Austen and Bronte to life and writing novels: For Virginia Woolf, Austen was "a mistress of much deeper emotion than appears on the surface.
She stimulates us to supply what is not there. Her characters' interests and Austen's interests may seem trivial, unimportant, particularly since she wrote at a time when England was engaged in a life and death struggle with the French and Napoleon. Though she focuses on the everyday lives and concerns of a few families in a small country circle, her novels still have a profound effect on many readers.
Lord David Cecil offered one way to resolve this paradox; Austen's is a profound vision. There are other views of life and more extensive; concerned as it is exclusively with personal relationships, it leaves out several important aspects of experience.
But on her own ground Jane Austen gets to the heart of the matter; her graceful unpretentious philosophy, founded as it is on an unwavering recognition of fact, directed by an unerring perception of moral quality, is as impressive as those of the most majestic novelists.
Another common criticism of Austen is her complacent acceptance of the class structure of her society, its values, and its mores.
One response to this charge is to find implicit social criticism in her novels. Harding theorized that because Austen was torn between her perception of the cruelties and corruptions of her society and her strong emotional attachments to family and friends, she expressed her criticisms of society in ways that were not necessarily conscious; he calls this covert criticism "regulated hatred.
The task of the novelists was the same as it had always been--to achieve realism, to express with whatever innovations of form and structure they needs must discover the truth about life as it faced them.Famous Literature, English, and Creative Writing Majors!
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