Lifestyle choices Some bad habits can increase your risk of osteoporosis. People who spend a lot of time sitting have a higher risk of osteoporosis than do those who are more active.
Summary Diet, vitamin D and weight-bearing exercise can help to prevent osteoporosis. If you have osteoporosis, medical treatment can prevent further bone loss and reduce your risk of bone fractures.
Treatment options for osteoporosis include dietary changes, exercise, lifestyle changes, falls prevention, supplements and medications. It occurs when bones lose minerals such as calcium more quickly than the body can replace them. They become less dense, lose strength and break more easily.
Osteoporosis particularly affects women in their middle and later years, although some men are also affected. If you have osteoporosis, lifestyle changes and medical treatment can prevent further bone loss and reduce your risk of bone fractures.
Osteoporosis and bone growth Bone is formed by specialised cells. Like the rest of the body, bone is constantly being broken down and renewed.
It is living tissue that needs exercise to gain strength, just like muscle. In the early years of life, more bone is made than is broken down, resulting in bone growth. By the end of your teens, bone growth has been completed and by about 25 to 30 years of age, peak bone mass is achieved. Sex hormones, such as oestrogen and testosterone, have a fundamental role in maintaining bone strength in men and women.
The fall in oestrogen that occurs during menopause results in accelerated bone loss. During the first five years after menopause, the average woman loses up to 10 per cent of her total body bone mass.
This hump is caused when spinal fractures are compressed due to the force of gravity, resulting in an abnormal bending forward of the spine called kyphosis. Symptoms of osteoporosis Osteoporosis causes no specific pain or symptoms. However, it does increase the risk of serious or debilitating fractures.
If you think you may be at risk of developing osteoporosis, see your doctor. Diagnosis of osteoporosis Currently, the most reliable way to diagnose osteoporosis is to measure bone density with a dual-energy absorptiometry scan or DXA.
A DXA scan is a short, painless scan that measures the density of your bones, usually at the hip and spine, and in some cases, the forearm. You can qualify for a Medicare rebate for a DXA scan if you: Your doctor will be able to tell you whether you fit the criteria to receive a Medicare rebate.
It is possible to have a DXA scan performed if you do not fit the criteria for the Medicare rebate, however, there will usually be an out-of-pocket cost associated with the scan.
Risk factors for osteoporosis There are many risk factors for osteoporosis, some of which you cannot change, such as being female, and having a direct relative who has had an osteoporotic fracture.
Other risk factors include: Some conditions place people at a higher risk of osteoporosis. Prevention of osteoporosis Both men and women can take steps from a young age to prevent osteoporosis by making sure that they:Osteoporosis — Fractures associated with this bone-weakening condition can be life-altering.
Good nutrition, regular exercise and medications can help.
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Low levels of physical activity are a major risk factor for ill health and mortality from all causes. People who do not do sufficient physical activity have a greater risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and osteoporosis.
What can I do to prevent osteoporosis? Osteoporosis Australia. More information here. Clinical guideline for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women and older men, , Royal Australian College of General caninariojana.com information here.
Osteoporosis, “porous bones”, is a disease that causes bones to become brittle and very susceptible to fractures. These fractures typically occur in the hip, spine, and wrist.